On the right site, established spruce plantations can present an opportunity to convert to CCF systems, transforming over time to become the diverse and resilient woodlands we need for the ongoing provision of timber and other ecosystem services.

The Pro Silva approach to woodland management offers enormous benefits to biodiversity and wildlife by providing a permanent forest structure in which fauna and flora can thrive over many generations. The awareness of the importance of the protection of our soils, retention of dead wood and of utilising natural processes such as natural regeneration results in a much more holistic approach to how are forests are managed for both timber production, landscape value, carbon sequestration and ecology.