• Factors affecting the economic assessment of continuous cover forestry compared with rotation based management’.

    Paddy Purser*, Pádraig Ó’Tuamab, Lucie Vítková and Áine Ní Dhubháinc (2015)  Irish Forestry, Vol. 72. Download pdf


Economic comparisons between Continuous Cover Forestry and rotation-based forestry are complex and often inconclusive as there are fundamental difficulties in comparing even-aged and uneven-aged management systems from an economic point of view. These difficulties are multifactorial but they can be broadly grouped into methodological factors and management related factors. This paper explores some of the most influential issues affecting outcomes in economic valuations and in particular how they affect CCF compared with rotation based management. The discussion of these issues will help to inform the debate on CCF and its applicability to forest owners more familiar with rotation based forestry.

  • The Case for Continuous Cover Forestry.Phil Morgan (2015) The Forestry & Timber News Journal, p.19-20. Download pdf


CCFG National Conference 2014 – online resources:

Resources from the Continuous Cover Forest Group (CCFG) Conference held in The Lake District in June this year are now available on the CCFG website.

They include:

  • pdfs of Speaker Presentations (+ some MP4 recordings);
  • a Conference Report with a list of conclusions and recommendations, and proposals for research priorities developed from presentations and discussions at the event;
  • a lively selection of Photographs taken by Rob Grange, our conference photographer;
  • 8 Research Posters which were on display in the conference rooms, 4 being winning entries for the student poster award.

They thank and acknowledge the Forestry Commission for funding the production of these web pages and the report.

Conference Home Page

Phil Morgan (President ProSilva Europe, past Chair of the CCFG UK group) has recently written an article on forester Talis Kalnars who also helped ProSilva Ireland with advice on Close-to-Nature continuous cover forestry management.

Talis Kalnars in 1999, in the Dinam Estate woodlands in mid-Wales. Photos: Oliver Tickell.

See the link here to the article in The Ecologist (May 2014).


Screen Shot 2014-02-25 at 20.15.56

Irish Forestry, Vol 70, 2013

With thanks to the Society of Irish Foresters for making these papers available.

  • Continuous Cover forestry

    (2012) by William Merrivale: Part 3 was previously printed in the Irish Farming Independent 28 Aug 2012.

Download pdf here

William Merivale is national secretary of PEFC Ireland (Programme for the Endorsement of Forest Certification schemes) and a forestry consultant based in Cork.  Email:

The PEFC Council (Programme for the Endorsement of Forest Certification schemes) is tan independent, non-profit, non-governmental organisation, founded in 1999, it promotes sustainable forest management through independent third party certification. PEFC is a global umbrella organisation for the assessment of and mutual recognition of national forest certification schemes developed in a multi-stakeholder process. These national schemes build upon the inter-governmental processes for the promotion of sustainable forest management, a series of on-going mechanisms supported by 149 governments in the world covering 85% of the world’s forest area.

Purser, Paddy (2006) ‘Compass Magazine, the publication of the Garden and Landscape Designers Association.

Download pdf here

Purser is director of Purser Tarleton Russell Ltd (IRL)., forest managers and industry consultants and a co-founder of ProSilva Ireland. Consultant to COFORD LISS Low Impact Silviculture Survey from 2011.

  • The nature of health and well-being: how trees and woods keep us fit and feeling good!

by , Director at Silviculture Research International on Aug 24, 2013

This paper was presented at the Annual Research Awareness Meeting of the Cumbria Partnership NHS Foundation Trust, on 01 August 2013. It provides an overview of the major themes surrounding interdisciplinary research in the role of public forests as venues for promoting healthy physical activity and psychological restoration. Also, the paper provides an overview of current projects in this area at Silviculture Research International.

is central to understanding how we can manage this species useing ProSilva Principles. Mike Seville (Former Chairman of UK Continuous Cover Forestry Group (ProSilva UK) summarises his thoughts on this topic after discussions with Bela Varga, a visiting Hungarian forester.

is a brief guide written by Mike Seville (former Chairman of UK Continuous Cover Forestry Group (ProSilva UK) ) on this important topic.

has been written by Frank Strie along with a number of others based in Tasmania, Australia. This comprehensive introduction to Pro Silva from an Australian perspective is well worth reading for both those new to Pro Silva and those more familiar with its principles.

  1. How can one practice near to nature forestry in Ireland?

  2. Approaches of Continuous Cover Silviculture in Sitka Spruce in Ireland

by Prof. Hans-Jürgen Otto

Prof. Hans-Jürgen Otto was cofounder and former president of ProSilva Europe. He studied Forestry science at the university of Göttingen, Munich and Nancy. After completing his Doctorate he became a consultant to the ministery of Food , Agriculture and Forestry in Hanover, where he advised on the ecological fundamentals of silviculture, forest protection, planning and research. After qualifying as a university lecturer in 1984 he has taught Forest Ecology at the university of Göttingen and at the University of Tharandt. He has visited many parts of the world in order to further study Forest Ecology.

Prof. Hans-Jürgen Otto has been a guest of Pro Silva Ireland on three occasions.

  1. Answering the concerns of an environmentalist

  2. Constraints to Continuous Cover Forestry in Ireland
    by Morgan Roche

Morgan Roche studied forestry at the University of Freiburg in Germany, where he had the opportunity to learn from leading academics and researchers including Prof. Huss. After qualifying Morgan returned to Ireland and worked in the forest industry, primarily managing young first rotation plantations. His next move was to Sillahertane Estate on the Cork and Kerry border, where he has developed a neglected 572 hectare property into a profitable business with activities including luxury holiday rental and commercial wind power generation. He was active in developing Irish forestry through his involvement in field-trips, seminars and particularly in establishing Pro Silva Ireland, before moving to Sydney, Australia in 2002. Morgan now works for the Forestry Corporation of NSW.

Robert Scott qualifed as a Chartered Surveyor in 1975, and has been the Estate manager to Abercorn Estates since 1977. Based at Baronscourt in Co Tyrone, the Abercorn Estates also include Belle Isle in Co Fermanagh, together with other properties in Argyll, Fife and the Scottish Borders. These properties have approximately 1600 ha of forestry. Following a ProSilva Ireland visit to Lower Saxony in September 2001, in which Robert, Lord Hamilton (the Estate owner) James Simpson (the Head Forester) participated, the decision was taken to manage approximately 400 ha of the Baronscourt on a continuous-cover basis. Robert is presently Chairman of the UK Forestry & Timber Association, the leading representative body for all those involved in the growing and management of trees throughout the UK.

Relevant papers in the journal Forestry

Forestry publishes refereed papers on all aspects of research, practice and policy that promote the sustainable development of forests, woodlands and trees. The following two articles are particularly relevant for Pro Silva forestry practitioners. Note that while the abstracts can be viewed, you will either need an electronic subscription or permission from the authors to access the full version.

Irish Farmers Journal Article:

  • Continuous Cover Forestry

    written by Donal Magner, which included an interview with Paddy Purser : download here

ProSilva Europe Convention Report:

See ProSilva Principles in action:

  • The following links show silvicultural methods over periods of time. These have been taken from a publication of the Silvicultural Principles of the Kanton Neuenburg in Switzerland: Group Selection Forest and Conversion from a plantation towards Selection System Forestry

ProSilva Europe information from other countries:

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